Kachin State, located in the
northern most part, is one of the seven States
of the Union of Myanmar. Lies between China to
the east and India to the west, and has a land
area of 34,379.22 square miles.
Kachin State is part of the
eastern edge of the Himalayan Range and is also
continuous with the Yunnan escarpment, composing
the Tibet-Myanmar frontier mountain ranges.
Hkakaborazi, the highest mountain in South East
Asia at 19 315 feet, and Indawgyi, the largest
lake in Myanmar with 98 square miles, are all
located in Kachin State.
Generally divided into three
seasons: the hot summer, the rainy monsoon and
the cold winter. Climate conditions vary
considerably from warm to humid in the lowlands
and extremely cold in the highlands. In winter,
mountains in the far north are snow capped. The
rainy season starts in May in the lowlands and
April in the highlands. The winter starts in
December followed by a very short Summer.
Kachin comprises of eleven
ethnic minorities, namely Jinghpaw, Lachik,
Dalaung, Lauwaw, Guari, Lisu, Rawang, Hkahku,
Duleng, Atsi and Zaiwa. There are also other
nationalities such as Shans, Bamar, Kadu, Kanan,
Chinese and Indians living in the state.
The 18 townships in the
states are linked by roads, railways, and
airways. Most of the towns in the state are
accessible by telephone communication, locally
and internationally. The state’s major towns are
linked with other capital cities of Myanmar by
road, railways, waterways, and airways. The
State is linked to India by Ledo Road, also
known as the Stilwell Road, built during World
Cities and Towns :-
major city in the central area, is the state
capital, while Bamaw is the main town in the
southwest, and Putao the main town in the far
north. Mogaung and Mohnyin are ancient cities
inhabited mostly by Shans. Myitkyina is well
known as one of the places in Myanmar where the
allied forces of the west, led by General
Merill’s Marauders, landed and fought the enemy
together with local rangers.
Kachin State is rich in
forest products, minerals, and gem stones some
of which are still untouched. Phakant jade is
one of the most famous products of the state and
is very popular in the world. Gold can be panned
in almost every river and stream of the state.
Agriculture is the main
occupation with rice as the main crop. Kachin
State is a place where grapefruit and other rare
citrus fruits are available. Pineapple, star
apple, “da-nyin” fruit and “hkatchyo’ rice is
among the best quality in the Myanmar market.
Kachin State celebrates
Kachin State day on the 10th of January, and the
New Harvest Festival in November. There are many
locally celebrated festivals among the people.
One of the common festivals among
people is the Manau.
More the 50% of Kachin State is
generally covered by numerous types of forests
with thousands of different plant species.
Rhododendron is indigenous to Putao region and
of the 600 known species of rhododendria, the
English botanist collected 118 here in some
1920s, and some 107 of those may be still viewed
at Royal Botanical Gardens in Edinburgh. Also
the wild orchids bloom in great profusion in
this region. Botanists also identified 19
species of pine with the expeditions. Over 800
kinds of orchids, 97 varieties of bamboo and 32
different types of rattan canes are also home to
this region. The forests ranging from tropical
monsoon evergreen to alpine forest can also be
found in the northern most part of the state.
The rich variety of plants and animal life in
Kachin State reflects its geographical location
as well as its varied topography and climate.
As many as 134 avian species
were also recorded so far. Among them 15 rare
species of Pheasant among them being a few on
the endangered list, the Lmpeyan Pheasant, the
Blood Pheasant. Blyth's Tragopan, Temminck's
Tragopan, Sclater's Monal, Snowy-throated
Babble, Chestnut thrush, Red-tailed laughing
trush and Ruxty bellied Short wing etc to name a
few in the rare species list and some new
identified species in Myanmar and South-East
Asia. The area is home to numerous wild animals
– including monkeys, deer, birds and butterflies
– so it is no wonder paradise for scientific
researchers and butterfly hunters. There is a
safe habitat for wild elephants, tigers, takins,
rare red pandas and other endangered species.
Migratory birds from China and Mongolia,
especially the Red Head Crane, travel in
thousands to the plateau of Putao in spring, and
disperse in early monsoon.
Snow Capped Mountains :-
In the foothills
of the Himalayas in northern Putao situate Mt.
Hkakabo Razi, the highest snow-capped mountain
in South East Asia. 19,269 feet (5881 meter)
high and a very important watershed area for the
eastern Ayeyarwady river (Nmai Hka). The
flagship trek of the area lies more than 440
kilometer away from nearest airstrip which takes
nearly 6 weeks to complete. The route passes
through the 1472-square-mile Hkakaborazi
National Park. Apart from this there are several
smaller peaks such as Mt. Lancrumadin of 3495
meters. Mt. Phongun Razi of 3485 meters, Mt.
Phangran Razi of 4450 meters, Mt. Madwe Razi of
4500 meters and
Mt. Slimatdin of 4800 meters etc which can be
scaled by trekker with normal physical
Ayeyarwady River :-
The Mali Hka and the
Nmai Hka merge in Kachin State to become the
Ayeyarwady, largely a glacier-fed river, stretch
over a thousand miles long and it is one of the
finest water ways in the world. This fertile
valley flows though the dry zone in the heart of
Myanmar and acts as a conduit of communication
to over fifty million people.
Indawgyi lake :-
The largest natural lake
in Myanmar, situated between East longitude 96˚
23’-97˚ and North Latitude 25˚ -26˚ in Kachin
State, South-west of Myitkyina. The 16 miles
long and 8 miles wide lake is rich in
biodiversity with different species of marine
life and wetland birds.